Thursday, June 11, 2009

Have You Met Miss Jones -- Tune Analysis

I remember kicking around with this tune a few years ago, trying to learn the chord changes by heart. After learning it -- and several other tunes -- I realised that it was best to simplify one's thinking, break chords down into elemental major, minor or dominants, analyse the important movements and realise that some chords in between the important movements are just pleasant filler like the Bb7 passing chord I mention below..

Jazz musicians have a knack for looking over a tune once and committing it to memory, noting all the important landmarks in the form, recognizing typical ii V I's, and noting the key modulations.

Here's such an analysis. We'll look at Have You Met Miss Jones in 8-bar phrases. The chords have been reduced to their elementary form and the slashes indicate beats in a bar:

F//// F#dim//// Gm//// C7///
tonic, passing chord, ii V

Am//// Dm//// Gm//// C7////
iii vi, ii V in F

In Bar 1 and 2, F goes to F#dim. Here the F#dim is functioning as a smooth transitionary chord to Gm in Bar 3. In Bars 3 and 4, Gm and C7 form a ii-V in the key of F.

Bar 5, 6, 7 and 8 are a iii (Am), vi (Dm), ii (Gm), V (C7) in F. 

The next 8 bars are nearly identical to the first 8 bars. Except for the last 2 bars which go to Cm and F7 which are ii-V's of the Bb in the first bar of the Bridge.

F//// F#dim//// Gm//// C7///
tonic, passing chord, ii - V

Am//// Dm//// Cm//// F7////
iii - vi of F, ii - V in Bb

The Bridge section consists of several ii V I's modulating in different keys, going from Bb, Gb, D and back to Gb:

Bb//// Abm// Db7// Gb////
I in Bb, ii - V - I in Gb

Em// A7// D//// Abm// Db7//
ii - V - I in D, ii - V -

Gb//// Gm// C7//
I in Gb, ii - V leading back to F of last verse

The last verse has the same movement in the first 4 bars as the previous verses. In the Real Book there is a Bb7 after C7 in bar 4 but I see this as a passing chord creating a half-step chromatic movement into Am which isn't a part of the overall movement so I'd leave it out when first learning this tune:

Last Verse:

F////F#dim//// Gm//// C7// (Bb7)//

Am// D7// Gm// C7// F////
iii - VI7, ii - V - I
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